Democracy has opened a robust set-up for the whole country and the citizens. The code of conduct laid down by democracy has always been propitious because it has fastened the pace of progress of the citizens’ autonomy which is essential as it also ultimately impacts the political participation of the citizens. The global map has witnessed dynamic changes in the political systems. International relations have become a separate and independent branch due to the global village that the world is becoming. The interconnectedness of the world has opened many areas where the political functioning of all the countries impacts other countries in either a direct or an indirect way. In the context of international relations, there have been five types of democracy. Elite democracy is for only a few people and in international relations it is a type of realism. Nationalist democracy is for most people and is again the type of nationalism. Liberal democracy is for all the people and is a part of the liberal international order. Socialist democracy is for all people and is a socialist international order. Then relational democracy is for everyone and is a relational international order.
The international organisations that are established to build a strong nation have fostered the need for international organisations in the overall set-up of democracy. The interconnections in a cosmopolitan world led to the emergence of a code of conduct that welcomes the participation of all and is not just determined based on wealth, development, and power. These factors determined the positions of various countries on a global map. The wide branch of international relations deals with the different images through which they are studied and analysed. Realism is a theory that considers the state as an anarchical world lacking central governance. The study of power in different countries is done in international relations. The state is viewed as a unitary actor. The state is a rational actor and the rules and regulations framed should consider the pragmatic considerations, analysis, objectives etc that ultimately influence the world. International relations as intergroup relations reflect democracies as domestic intergroup politics. Some of the democracies can create cooperative international orders for all the nations with respective democracies.
The different types of democracy pose different consequences on international relations. The countries that are elected by the body of its citizens and grant them power in political activities are inclined towards building their position on a global map. Since the stages of development differ from country to country so in a globalised village the strengthened relations are the testimony to the reliable international position that each country shares. Foreign and diplomatic ties play a pivotal role in shaping the vote bank in democratic countries. U.N. the international peacekeeping body helps countries in keeping a check on their unjust and unfair laws. The democratic countries and U.N. share a firm connection in determining each other at a global forum.
India has an upper hand in the Southern region which comprises Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Maldives, etc. With the advent of SAARC and India’s Neighbouring Policy, the relations are pepped up. India through these tools envisions the South as a collaborative ground to make strides in the world. The inoculation drives conducted by India in these neighbouring countries, economic assistance, and various pacts are the other stepping stones of India.
Since the 1990s India has been an important partner of Western countries on a global map. The fervent participation in QUAD is testimony to this fact. European Union has announced a connectivity partnership with India that will boost the relations. The signing of multiple pacts has advanced the relations that seek bilateral assistance. Political think tanks have predicted that the surge of undemocratic clashes in India can hinder these amiable relations.
The rapport of India with the Middle- East on a global map has been embroiled through various ups and downs. Though the two exchange historical linkages, cultural restoration initiatives, economic assistance etc. India is the third largest consumer of Oil from this region. The two major Oil companies- ARAMCO and ADNOC are fostering their relations with Indian companies. The recurrent visits of P.M Narendra Modi to this region have influenced the ties between both regions. The consensus of both the regions of the Free trade agreement [FTA] is one more herald. While during the year 2021-22, India received the highest remittances from U.A.E.
With the fledging wings of India on the global map, the challenges are not devoid of them. The growing terrorism, dynamic relations of China with vital countries, political instability in some of the regions, and turmoil in the international forums for the common fight on hunger, climate change, and security are some of the gushing forces that are altering the position of India on the global map.